Cancer: Leading Causes of Death: Death Rates, Leading Causes of Death Among Minority Groups, U.S., National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute 2005-2012 (2002-2010)

——————————————————————
Source: Vital Statistics of the United States, NCHS
======================================
Cancer (2nd) – Leading Causes of Death: Death Rates, U.S. Per 100,000
——————————————————————
2010☝186.2 (2012)
2008👇186 (2011)
2007☝ 186.6 (2010)
2007*👇185.7 (2009)
2006*👇187.1 (2008)
2005*☝188.7 (2007)
2004👇168.6 (2006)
2003☝189.3 (2005)
======================================
Leading Causes of Death Among Minority Groups, U.S.: Cancer
——————————————————————
BlackPercent of All Deaths
——————————————————————
2010☝23% (2nd highest, behind heart: 24.1%) (2012)
2008 – 22.1% (
2nd highest, behind heart: 24.5%) (2011)
2007☝22.1% (
2nd highest, behind heart: 24.6%) (2010)
2006☝21.75% (
2nd highest, behind heart: 24.92%) (2009)
2005👇21.6% (
2nd highest, behind heart: 25.3%) (2008)
2004☝21.8% (
2nd highest, behind heart: 25.8%) (2007)
2003☝21.5% (
2nd highest, behind heart: 26.6%) (2006)
2002☝21% (
2nd highest, behind heart: 27%) (2005)
——————————————————————
HispanicPercent of All Deaths
——————————————————————
2010☝21.5% – (highest) (2012)
2008👇20.7% (
2nd highest, behind heart: 20.8%) (2011)
2007☝20.8% (
2nd highest, behind heart: 21.8%) (2010)
2006☝20.02% (
2nd highest, behind heart: 21.74%) (2009)
2005👇19.9% (
2nd highest, behind heart: 22.5%) (2008)
2004☝20% (
2nd highest, behind heart: 22.7%) (2007)
2003 – 19.7% (
2nd highest, behind heart: 23.2%) (2006)
2002☝19.7% (
2nd highest, behind heart: 23.9%) (2005)
——————————————————————
Asian*Percent of All Deaths – * Includes deaths among individuals of Asian extraction and Asian-Pacific Islanders
——————————————————————
2010👇27.70% – (highest) (2012)
2008☝28.7% (
highest, before heart: 24.8%) (2011)
2007☝27.6% (
highest, before heart: 23.6%) (2010)
2006☝26.36% (
highest, before heart: 23.87%) (2009)
2005👇25.7% (
highest, before heart: 24.2%) (2008)
2004☝26.8% (
highest, before heart: 24.6%) (2007)
2003☝26.2% (
highest, before heart: 25.3%) (2006)
2002☝25.4% (
2nd highest, behind heart: 26.4%) (2005)
——————————————————————
American Indian**Percent of All Deaths – ** Includes deaths among Aleuts and Eskimos
American Indian/Alaska Native
——————————————————————
2010☝19% – (highest) (2012)
2008☝18.5 (
highest, before heart: 18.%) (2011)
2007☝18.2% (
2nd highest, behind heart: 18.9%) (2010)
2006👇17.43% (
2nd highest, behind heart: 19.49%) (2009)
2005👇17.7% (
2nd highest, behind heart: 19.1%) (2008)
2004☝18.2% (
2nd highest, behind heart: 19.8%) (2007)
2003👇16.4% (
2nd highest, behind heart: 20.6%) (2006)
2002☝18% (
2nd highest, behind heart: 20.1%) (2005)
======================================
REFERENCES:
======================================
2010 (2012):
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factpdf.htm
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook/toc.htm
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook/FactBook2012.pdf
——————————————————————
2010 – Black (2012):
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook/chapter4data.htm#gr9-121
——————————————————————
2010 – Hispanic (2012):
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook/chapter4data.htm#gr9-122
——————————————————————
2010 – Asian/Pacific Islander (2012):
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook/chapter4data.htm#gr9-123
——————————————————————
2010 – American Indian/Alaska Native (2012):
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook/chapter4data.htm#gr9-124
======================================
2005-2011 Archive (2002-2009):
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factpdf_archive.htm
======================================
2011 – Fiscal Year – NHLBI Fact Book Archive (2008-2009):
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook-11/chapter4.htm
——————————————————————
PDF:
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook-11/FactBook_2011.pdf
——————————————————————
HTML/Web Version (Accessible version, recommended for screen readers)
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook-11/toc.htm
——————————————————————
2008 – Leading Causes of Death: Death Rates, U.S. (2011):
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook-11/chapter4data.htm#gr8
——————————————————————
2008 – Black (2011):
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook-11/chapter4data.htm#gr9-121
——————————————————————
2008 – Hispanic (2011):
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook-11/chapter4data.htm#gr9-122
——————————————————————
2008 – Asian (2011):
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook-11/chapter4data.htm#gr9-123
——————————————————————
2008 – American Indian (2011):
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook-11/chapter4data.htm#gr9-124
======================================
2010 – Fiscal Year – NHLBI Fact Book (2007-2008):
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook-10/chapter4.htm
——————————————————————
PDF:
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook-10/FactBook_2010.pdf
——————————————————————
HTML/Web Version (Accessible version, recommended for screen readers)
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook-10/toc.htm
——————————————————————
2007 – Leading Causes of Death: Death Rates, U.S. (2010):
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook-10/chapter4data.htm#gr8
——————————————————————
2007 (2010):
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook-10/chapter4data.htm#gr9-121
——————————————————————
2007 – Black (2010):
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook-10/chapter4data.htm#gr9-121
——————————————————————
2007 – Hispanic (2010):
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook-10/chapter4data.htm#gr9-122
——————————————————————
2007 – Asian (2010):
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook-10/chapter4data.htm#gr9-123
——————————————————————
2007 – American Indian (2010):
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook-10/chapter4data.htm#gr9-124
======================================
2009 – Fiscal Year – NHLBI Fact Book (2006-2007):
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook-09/chapter4.htm
——————————————————————
PDF:
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/FactBook2009_final.pdf
——————————————————————
HTML/Web Version (Accessible version, recommended for screen readers):
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook-09/toc.htm
——————————————————————
2007* – Leading Causes of Death: Death Rates, U.S., *Data for 2007 are preliminary (2009):
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook-09/chapter4data.htm#gr8
——————————————————————
2006 – Leading Causes of Death Among Minority Groups, U.S. (2009):
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook-09/chapter4.htm
——————————————————————
2006 – Black (2009):
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook-09/chapter4data.htm#gr9-121
——————————————————————
2006 – Hispanic (2009):
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook-09/chapter4data.htm#gr9-122
——————————————————————
2006 – Asian (2009):
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook-09/chapter4data.htm#gr9-123
——————————————————————
2006 – American Indian (2009):
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook-09/chapter4data.htm#gr9-124
======================================
2008 – Fiscal Year – NHLBI Fact Book (2005-2006):
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook-08/chapter4.htm
——————————————————————
PDF:
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook-08/FactBookFinal.pdf
——————————————————————
HTML/Web Version (Accessible version, recommended for screen readers):
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook-08/toc.htm
——————————————————————
2006* – Leading Causes of Death: Death Rates, U.S., *Data for 2006 are preliminary (2008):
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook-08/chapter4.htm#gr8
——————————————————————
2005 – Leading Causes of Death Among Minority Groups, U.S. (2008):
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook-08/chapter4.htm
——————————————————————
2005 – Leading Causes of Death Among Minority Groups, U.S. (2008):
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook-08/chapter4.htm
——————————————————————
2005 – Black (2008):
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook-08/chapter4data.htm#gr9-121
——————————————————————
2005 – Hispanic (2008):
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook-08/chapter4data.htm#gr9-122
——————————————————————
2005 – Asian (2008):
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook-08/chapter4data.htm#gr9-123
——————————————————————
2005 – American Indian (2008):
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook-08/chapter4.htm
======================================
2007 – Fiscal Year – NHLBI Fact Book (2004-2005):
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook-07/chapter4.htm
——————————————————————
PDF:
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook-07/07factbk.pdf
——————————————————————
HTML/Web Version (Accessible version, recommended for screen readers):
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook-07/toc.htm
——————————————————————
2005* – Leading Causes of Death: Death Rates, U.S., *Data for 2005 are preliminary (2007):
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook-07/chapter4data.htm#gr8
——————————————————————
2004 – Leading Causes of Death Among Minority Groups, U.S. (2007):
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook-07/chapter4.htm
——————————————————————
2004 – Black (2007):
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook-07/chapter4data.htm#gr9-121
——————————————————————
2004 – Hispanic (2007):
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook-07/chapter4.htm#gr9-124
——————————————————————
2004 – Asian (2007):
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook-07/chapter4data.htm#gr9-123
——————————————————————
2004 – American Indian (2007):
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook-07/chapter4data.htm#gr9-124
======================================
2006 – Fiscal Year – NHLBI Fact Book (2003-2004):
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook-06/chapter4.htm
——————————————————————
PDF:
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook-06/06factbk.pdf
——————————————————————
HTML/Web Version (Accessible version, recommended for screen readers):
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook-06/toc.htm
——————————————————————
2004 – Leading Causes of Death: Death Rates, U.S. (2006):
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook-06/chapter4data.htm#gr8
——————————————————————
2003 – Leading Causes of Death Among Minority Groups, U.S. (2006):
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook-06/chapter4.htm#gr9-12
——————————————————————
2003 – Black (2006):
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook-06/chapter4data.htm#gr9-12
——————————————————————
2003 – Hispanic (2006):
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook-06/chapter4data.htm#gr9-12
——————————————————————
2003 – Asian (2006):
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook-06/chapter4data.htm#gr9-12
——————————————————————
2003 – American Indian (2006):
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook-06/chapter4data.htm#gr9-12
======================================
2005 – Fiscal Year – NHLBI Fact Book (2002-2003):
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook-05/chapter4.htm
——————————————————————
PDF:
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook-05/05factbk.pdf
——————————————————————
HTML/Web Version (Accessible version, recommended for screen readers):
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook-05/toc.htm
——————————————————————
2003 – Leading Causes of Death: Death Rates, U.S. (2005):
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook-05/chapter4data.htm#gr8
——————————————————————
2002 – Leading Causes of Death Among Minority Groups, U.S. (2005):
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook-05/chapter4data.htm#gr9-12
——————————————————————
2002 – Black (2005):
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook-05/chapter4data.htm#gr9-12
——————————————————————
2002 – Hispanic (2005):
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook-05/chapter4data.htm#gr9-12
——————————————————————
2002 – Asian (2005):
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook-05/chapter4data.htm#gr9-124
——————————————————————
2002 – American Indian (2005):
——————————————————————
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factbook-05/chapter4data.htm#gr9-12
======================================

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Count de Money: What Are the Costs of Cancer ? (American Cancer Society Cancer Facts & Figures 2002-2013)

======================================
What Are the Costs of Cancer?
——————————————————————
National Institutes of Health (NIH) estimates:
——————————————————————
overall costs of cancer:
——————————————————————
2010 – $263.8 billion (2011)
2010☝$263.8 billion (2010)

2008👇$201.5 billion (2013)
2008☝$228.1 billion (2009)
2007☝$226.8 billion (2012)
2007☝$219.2 billion (2008)

2006👇$206.3 billion (2007)
2005☝$209.9 billion (2006)
2004☝$189.8 billion (2005)
2003☝$189.5 billion (2004)
2002☝$171.6 billion (2003)
2001☝$156.7 billion (2002)

——————————————————————
direct medical costs
(total of all health expenditures)
——————————————————————
2010 – $102.8 billion (2011)
2010☝$102.8 billion (2010)

2008👇$77.4 billion (2013)
2008👇$93.2 billion (2009)
2007☝$103.8 billion (2012)
2007☝$89.0 billion (2008)
2006☝$78.2 billion (2007)
2005☝$74.0 billion (2006)
2004☝$69.4 billion (2005)
2003☝$64.2 billion (2004)
2002☝$60.9 billion (2003)
2001☝$56.4 billion (2002)

——————————————————————
2008-2011 – indirect morbidity costs
(cost of lost productivity due to illness)
——————————————————————
2010 – $20.9 billion (2011)
2010☝$20.9 billion (2010)
2008☝$18.8 billion (2009)
2007☝$18.2 billion (2008)
2006☝$17.9 billion (2007)
2005☝$17.5 billion (2006)
2004☝$16.9 billion (2005)
2003☝$16.3 billion (2004)

2002👇$15.5 billion (2003)
2001☝$15.6 billion (2002)
——————————————————————
indirect mortality costs
(cost of lost productivity due to premature death)
——————————————————————
2010 – $140.1 billion (2011)
2010☝$140.1 billion (2010)
2008☝$124.0 billion (2013)

2008👇$116.1 billion (2009)
2007☝$123.0 billion (2012)
2007☝$112.0 billion (2008)

2006👇$110.2 billion (2007)
2005☝$118.4 billion (2006)
2004👇$103.5 billion (2005)
2003☝$109 billion (2004)
2002☝$95.2 billion (2003)
2001☝$84.7 billion (2002)

——————————————————————
According to US Census Bureau:
——————————————————————
Americans uninsured
2012-2013 had no health insurance coverage
——————————————————————
2010👇approximately 50 million (2013)
2009 – almost 51 million (2012)
2009☝almost 51 million (2011)
2008☝46 million (2010)
——————————————————————
2008 – approximately 28% aged 18 to 34 years (2010)
——————————————————————
2010👇almost one-third of Hispanics (31%) (2013)
2009 – almost one-third of Hispanics (32%) (2012)
2009☝almost one­-third of Hispanics (32%) (2011)
——————————————————————
2011-2012 (17 years of age and younger)
2010-2012had no health insurance coverage
——————————————————————
2010 – one in 10 children (2013)
2009 – one in 10 children (2012)
2009 – one in 10 children (2011)
2008 – 10% of children (2010)
——————————————————————
2012-2013 PLEASE NOTE:

These numbers are not comparable to those published in previous years as of 2011, NIH calculating estimates using different data source:

2012 – NIH is using a different data source:

2012-2013 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS) of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality

2012-2013 MEPS estimates based on more current, nationally representative data used extensively in scientific publications

2012-2013 direct and indirect costs will no longer be projected to current year, estimates of indirect morbidity costs discontinued

2012-2013 For more information, please visit nhlbi.nih.gov/about/factpdf.htm.
——————————————————————
Lack of health insurance and other barriers prevents many Americans from receiving optimal health care
——————————————————————
2008 – early release estimates from National Health Interview Survey (2009)
2006 – early release estimates from the National Health Interview Survey (2008)
2004National Health Interview Survey data (2007)
2003National Health Interview Survey data (2006)
——————————————————————
2008 – about 24% aged 18 to 64 years (2009)
2006☝about 24% aged 18-64 (2008)
2004 – about 17% younger than age 65 had no health insurance coverage (2007)
2003☝about 17% younger than age 65 have no health insurance coverage (2006)
——————————————————————
2004 – 27% 65 and older had Medicare coverage only (2007)
2003☝24% 65 and older have Medicare coverage only (2006)
——————————————————————
2008 – 13% of children had no health insurance coverage for at least part of past year (2009)
2006☝13% of children had no health insurance coverage for at least part of past year (2008)
——————————————————————
2008 – More than 36% of adults who lack high school diploma were uninsured in past year (2009)
2006☝Almost 34% of adults who lack high school diploma were uninsured in past year (2008)
——————————————————————
2008 – 23% of high school graduates (2009)
2006☝23% of high school graduates (2008)
——————————————————————
2008👇14% of those with more than high school education (2009)
2006 – 15% of those with more than high school education (2008)
——————————————————————
2008 – Lack of health insurance is not only a concern of unemployed; almost one-quarter of employed individuals (aged 18 to 64 years) were uninsured sometime during past year (2009)
——————————————————————
2004 – Persons in lowest income group 10 times as likely as persons in highest income group not to receive needed medical care because of cost (2007)
——————————————————————
2004 – Almost 16 million citizens (6%) were unable to obtain needed medical care due to cost (2007)
——————————————————————
2003 – In survey, nearly 20% aged 18-44 years reported not having usual place to go for medical care (2006)
——————————————————————
2010-2013 – Uninsured patients and ethnic minorities substantially more likely to be diagnosed with cancer at later stage, when treatment can be more extensive and more costly
——————————————————————
2012-2013 – For more information on relationship between health insurance and cancer, see Cancer Facts & Figures 2008, Special Section, available online at cancer.org/statistics.
2010 – cancer.org.
2009 – (5008.08), Special Section, available online at cancer.org.
2008 – see special section page 22

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======================================
REFERENCES:
======================================
2013:
——————————————————————
http://cancer.org/acs/groups/content/@epidemiologysurveilance/documents/document/acspc-036845.pdf
======================================
2012:
——————————————————————
http://cancer.org/acs/groups/content/@epidemiologysurveilance/documents/document/acspc-031941.pdf
======================================
2011:
——————————————————————
http://cancer.org/acs/groups/content/@epidemiologysurveilance/documents/document/acspc-029771.pdf
======================================
2010:
——————————————————————
http://cancer.org/acs/groups/content/@nho/documents/document/acspc-024113.pdf
======================================
2009:
——————————————————————
http://cancer.org/acs/groups/content/@nho/documents/document/500809webpdf.pdf
======================================
2008:
——————————————————————
http://www.oralcancerfoundation.org/facts/pdf/worldcancer.pdf
=====================================
2007:
——————————————————————
http://cancer.org/acs/groups/content/@nho/documents/document/caff2007pwsecuredpdf.pdf
======================================
2006:
——————————————————————
http://cancer.org/acs/groups/content/@nho/documents/document/caff2006pwsecuredpdf.pdf
======================================
2005:
——————————————————————
http://cancer.org/acs/groups/content/@nho/documents/document/caff2005f4pwsecuredpdf.pdf
======================================
2004:
——————————————————————
http://www.pink-ribbon-pins.com/CancerRates2004.pdf
======================================
2003:
——————————————————————
http://www.whyquit.com/studies/2003_ACS_Cancer_Facts.pdf
======================================
2002:
——————————————————————
http://www.uhmsi.com/docs/CancerFacts&Figures2002.pdf
======================================